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Fiscal stimulus has played a pivotal role in helping the U.S. economy recover.

Over the next couple of years, though, additional proposals carry a lot of potential for the construction industry in particular.

“We’ve included the American Jobs Plan (AJP) in our economic forecast,” said Mark Killion, director of U.S industry at Oxford Economics. “That is a significant assumption. There is a big infrastructure component to the AJP that could offer a lot of fuel for growth.”

With respect to the public health situation, how the next several months play out will also impact the next couple of years. Oxford Economics’ baseline forecast calls for 7.3% GDP growth in 2022. If vaccines show limited effectiveness against COVID-19 variants, growth may be just under 3%. If inflation persists, growth might be just under 6%. If all stars align and a “consumer boom” ensues, growth could jump to nearly 10%.

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Focusing on just the manufacturing and construction sectors of the economy, model simulations indicate that the AJP could help raise output by 3.5% by the end of 2023.

The AJP would drive a significant increase in non-residential infrastructure spending.

“The private, local, state and federal sectors are all expected to boom away with double-digit growth at least through next year and 2023,” Killion said.

Federal spending would take the most dramatic upward turn. Annual percentage increases from 2022 through 2025 are anticipated to be 29.4%, 26%, 12.5% and 2.5%, respectively. That’s a total increase of 70% over a four-year period. Contrast that with the period of 2015-2019, when federal spending increased just 4.8%. State and local infrastructure spending would also get a big lift from the AJP. Growth of 33% is expected over the next four years. Funding from the private sector is expected to grow 37%.

“Manufacturers of construction machinery have had some pretty good pricing power. The parts sector has also started to turn up a bit. Inflation has been a problem, but manufacturers have had a good ability to maintain some margin and pass some of the rise onto customers.” -- Mark Killion, director of U.S industry at Oxford Economics


If the AJP is signed into law, the prognosis for infrastructure spending looks good from every direction. By contrast, Killion said construction spending for business and commerce offers a mixed outlook.

Some sectors have benefited from increased government funding, including health care and education. Others, such as office buildings, have not fared well. Some sectors, including warehouses and transportation facilities, have benefited from private funding.

“That’s why the business sector as a whole has looked pretty decent, but the outlook remains quite mixed,” Killion said.

Total PiP (put in place) construction for business and commerce was flat this year. Growth of 2.9% is expected next year, followed by 7.5%, 5.4% and 3.5% from 2023-2025.

“Construction spending in this sector appears to be following the pattern of business investment in general,” Killion pointed out.

The next two years could be especially strong at the federal level. Growth of roughly 15% is expected in both 2022 and 2023. State and local spending is also expected to strengthen to roughly 8% growth each year. Private sector funding is expected to remain flat next year before seeing a solid uptick of 6.6% in 2023.


The housing market has been building up growth over the past couple of years. In 2020, private residential spending was largely driven by new single-family homes and existing home improvements. Looking forward through 2026, the most growth will come from single-family home construction.

Accelerating new home construction has become urgent, as housing affordability has become a major issue. Unfortunately, supply hasn’t been able to keep up with demand. Material and labor shortages have caused a sharp increase in homebuilder backlogs not seen since 2006.

Booming home prices have added to existing concerns over inflation. “Housing affordability has become a widespread phenomenon throughout the U.S.,” Killion said. In fact, the U.S. now ranks fourth globally for year-over-year home price increases behind Sweden, Denmark and Russia.


U.S. home pricing isn’t the only thing on the rise. According to Killion, manufacturing inflation pressures have also been high, though they may have reached their peak.

“Manufacturers of construction machinery have had some pretty good pricing power,” he said. “The parts sector has also started to turn up a bit. Inflation has been a problem, but manufacturers have had a good ability to maintain some margin and pass some of the rise onto customers.”

Strong demand continues from key sectors that purchase construction equipment. As a result, industrial production of construction machinery has rapidly increased since late-2020, now surpassing its pre-pandemic level.

“Production still isn’t at the highs we saw over the past decade, though,” Killion pointed out. “So, there is still room to run.”

Orders for construction machinery continued to climb through the first half of this year. Even though orders may now have peaked, Killion said they are still at a high level. As a result, a gain of roughly 15% in real gross output is expected this year, followed by:

  • 4% in 2022
  • 1% in 2023
  • 6% from 2024-28

Benjamin Duyck, AEM director of market intelligence, said that while the construction equipment industry continues to be in a boom cycle, more stability is also taking shape.

According to results from AEM’s Q2 member survey, roughly 71% of equipment manufacturers said Q2 demand increased from the first quarter. Roughly 24% said demand has remained stable in 2021. Last year at this time, 85% felt demand had grown quarter-to-quarter, and just 10% said demand for the year was stable. Furthermore, 85% of AEM members predict growth over the next 12 months with only 1% anticipating a decline.

“Demand for almost every construction equipment category remains green with perhaps some stability for lighting equipment,” Duyck said. “That said, we are seeing slightly lower numbers for the next 12 months. This is perhaps due to the stronger-than-expected growth earlier this year.”

Here’s a look at anticipated demand for key construction equipment categories over the next 12 months, as compared to what was experienced over the previous 12 months.

Heavy/Light Equipment

  • Aggregates products grew 11-15% (6-10% expected)
  • Concrete equipment grew 6-10% (1-5% expected)
  • Earthmoving equipment grew 11-15% (6-10% expected)
  • Lifting equipment grew 6-10% (6-10% expected)
  • Lighting equipment was stable (1-5% expected)
  • Road construction grew 6-10% (6-10% expected)
  • Utility machinery grew 11-15% (11-15% expected)

Components & Attachments

  • Aggregates products grew 6-10% (6-10% expected)
  • Concrete equipment grew 11-15% (11-15% expected)
  • Earthmoving equipment grew 16-20% (11-15% expected)
  • Lifting equipment grew 11-15% (6-10% expected)
  • Road construction grew 11-15% (11-15% expected)
  • Utility machinery grew 6-10% (6-10% expected)

"Demand for almost every construction equipment category remains green with perhaps some stability for lighting equipment. That said, we are seeing slightly lower numbers for the next 12 months. This is perhaps due to the stronger-than-expected growth earlier this year.” -- Benjamin Duyck, AEM director of market intelligence


With demand continuing to cruise along, more AEM members are now indicating inventory levels that are too low. Roughly 45% say levels have been falling over the past several months.

“When a company says inventory is too low, it generally means it is not on purpose and that production must increase rapidly,” Duyck pointed out.

Most AEM members have been able to increase production to some degree. But new orders are also increasing, leading to an increase in backlog.

Heavy/Light Equipment

  • 66% said Q2 production increased
  • 83% said new orders increased
  • 87% said backlog increased

Components & Attachments

  • 90% said Q2 production increased
  • 97% said new orders increased
  • 90% said backlog increased


While inflation has hit pretty much everywhere, construction machinery prices have been especially high on the global market. As Killion pointed out, trade prices in the U.S. are up to near 2012 levels. Much like with agriculture equipment, both import prices and export prices have risen since mid-2020. Export prices, however, continue to climb and far exceed import prices.

Nonetheless, expanding global markets are still expected to support growth in the U.S. construction equipment industry. Total global spending on mining and construction machinery is expected to finish at a 21.5% gain this year, followed by 4.1% in 2022 and 2.8% in 2023.

Emerging markets are poised for 27.5% growth this year followed by more controlled growth of 2.8% in 2022 and 2.5% in 2023. Here’s a more granular look at the emerging global markets:

  • Brazil up 44% this year, followed by 4.2% and 5.4%
  • China up 30% this year, followed by 2.7% and 2.2%
  • Eastern Europe up 14.3% this year, followed by 8% and 4.8%
  • India up 12.3% this year, followed by 4.4% and 5.8%
  • Russia up 5.1% this year, followed by 1.9% and 2.7%

Developed countries are looking to be in an even stronger position moving forward. Growth of 5.7% and 3% are expected over the next two years.

  • United States up 19.7% this year, followed by 7.3% and 4.2%
  • Japan up 18% this year, followed by 3.6% and 3%
  • United Kingdom up 14.5% this year, followed by 8.9% and -0.6%
  • Eurozone up 12.2% this year, followed by 5.1% and 2%

Staying on the topic of global trade, supply chain issues continue to hamper the construction equipment industry.

“Close to 95% of AEM members are experiencing supply chain issues,” Duyck pointed out. “For more than half, those issues are getting worse and are both domestic and global. Component manufacturers and OEMs feel that the main issue does not necessarily lie at the end-point or receiving shipping. Rather, the main issue is at the supplier source and especially international shipping.”

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